The industrialization inspiration of "handicraft empire" Italian characteristic small town


Italy's handicraft town keeps its own pace, providing an inexhaustible source of power for "made in Italy" and endorsing the Italian brand's influence in the world.There are lots of belts manufacturers in Italy.This kind of industrial development model is worthy of reference for the small town in China.

Florence,the ancient city in Italy.

Lamborghini/Maserati/Ferrari/Fersace/Prada/Armani/Gucci/FENDI/Dolce & Gabbna...You must be familiar with these world's top brands.If you explore, it is not difficult to find in this land which enjoy a pleasant Mediterranean climate, many proud "handmade" brands are distributed in those smaller,slower pace of life small towns.

The Italian town is closely associated with the title of "the industrial empire".If the characteristic town of Japan is the product of the agricultural modernization process,then the small town in Italy is the core label of the handicraft industry.

A highly decentralized town system.

Italy's vast majority of small and medium-sized towns and cities are a region that is as vibrant as a few big cities and even a better living environment.This has provided fertile ground for the development of Italian handicraft towns.In the 50 years from 1960 to 2010, Italy's urbanization rate increased from 59.56% to 68.36%, or even less than 10%.Today, more than half of Italy's urban population lives in small towns of less than 200,000 people, and about a quarter of the population lives in big cities.

The inheritance of art

It is not enough for handicraft industry to support the charm of the brand and the small town.The art has added wings to the Italian handicraft industry.Italy has been the center of European culture and art since the time of ancient Greece and the Renaissance.Italian Catholic culture, provides the soil for the development of art.Compared with the orthodox and protestant churches, the Catholic church prefers a rich artistic style.The Italian church architecture is quite spectacular and has important historical significance for western culture.

In some ways, artists and artisans are the same kind of people.The spiritual inheritance of the artist is the source of the idea of "not only good material, good design, but also important craft".

Small and medium-sized enterprises support GDP.

Italy's national unity was late, and the years of civil war made Italy miss the chance of an early capital accumulation and industrial revolution.Italy has never been a industrial country.On the contrary, the flat topography and the warm and sunny Mediterranean climate make Italy fertile grasslands, rich in high-quality wool, cotton and so on.Agriculture provides easy and high-quality raw material support and primary products for Italian light industry. 

Agriculture provides easy and high-quality raw material support and primary products for Italian light industry.In Italy, small and medium sized enterprises, represented by textiles, are numerous and widely distributed.Because of its long history, Italy still had a large number of handicraft factories and small workshops represented by families.In the field of leather, clothing, textile and other industries closely related to the fashion industry, the production process is dispersed, and many are the characteristics of the family organization.

The Italian government has long noted the importance of small and medium-sized enterprises.Before the second world war in 1922, Italy issued its first in the history of regulations designed to protect and promote the development of small businesses, and in the national industrial and commercial department consists of the central committee of the "small industrial" as a specific policy implementation mechanism.At the beginning of the second world war, the industrial equipment of small and medium-sized enterprises in Italy had a large gap compared with the large enterprises.In order to promote the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, the Italian government has made a major adjustment in the policy level.From 1951 to 1963, the Italian government issued four laws aimed at promoting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises.The support of the policy is reflected in Italy's post-war data, and the contribution of small and medium-sized enterprises is absolutely dominant.In terms of imports and exports, these small and medium-sized enterprises are particularly active and export growth figures are staggering.During the five years from 1958 to 1963, textile exports increased by 151.4 per cent and furniture exports by 102.7 per cent.

Until 2010, 99.9% of the companies operating in Italy were small and medium-sized enterprises.These small and medium-sized enterprises provide 81.9% of the jobs, contributing more than 80% of GDP.

The problems which can not escape.

In addition to the advantages of the handicraft town, we should also see the difficulties Italy faces.Compared with the highly mechanized modern industry, the traditional handicraft industry is less efficient and the small and medium-sized enterprises are at greater risk.

The industrial gap between northern and south is great in Italy, many big brands have down the route of industrialization and mass production, some brands have even through overseas in the form of contract and production."Pure hand" as the label of Italian brand, more is passed down by small business.These small and medium-sized enterprises, which still insist on "pure hand", provide the support of brand force, artistic aesthetics and talent cultivation for large enterprises, but their ability to resist risks is very weak.Italian handicraft and small business association (CGIAdi Mestre) said that,from 2008 to 2013, in Italy with a total of 13.4 m businesses closed, while 15% of Italian handicraft manufacturing enterprise production ability was damaged.

The characteristic town of industrialization in Italy has great reference to the domestic characteristic small town about how to develop the industry.Policies, environment, talents, business and other factors jointly affect the development of featured industries.How to coordinate the relationship between these factors and the industry is worth exploring by the participants of each unique town.And it is the responsibility for us,who is one of the leather belts manufacturers,to promote the progress of the whole leather industry.



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